Cary Fowler currently serves as Senior Advisor to the Global Crop Diversity Trust, of which he was the Executive Director until 2012. During his time with the Trust, he was influential in the creation of the Svalbard Global Seed Vault. Until 2005, Fowler served as Professor and Director of Research in the Department for International Environment and Development Studies at the Norwegian University of Life Sciences. During the 1990s, he led the International Conference and Program on Plant Genetic Resources at the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). He was also a Senior Advisor to the Director-General of Bioversity International, during which he represented CGIAR while negotiating the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. Fowler holds a Ph.D. from Uppsala University and honorary doctorates from Simon Fraser University and Rhodes College.